What to see and what to visit in Kazakhstan?
It is impossible to describe all the attractions and beauty of Kazakhstan, but we can outline for you five reasons why you just need to visit this wonderful country:
1. Geographic location. Kazakhstan is one of the largest countries in the world, located in the heart of Eurasia at the intersection of numerous air and road routes, and in the past was an active part of the Great Silk Road.
2. Rich history. Its location between Europe and Asia, its unique nature, and climate have made it a home for diverse tribes, nationalities, and religions since time immemorial.
3. Unique nature. An abundance of diverse natural zones, from deserts to taiga, from mountain peaks to vast steppes, results in amazing and varied landscapes for every taste.
4. Multicultural cuisine and traditions. More than a hundred nations and nationalities living in Kazakhstan have created a special, unique Kazakhstan cuisine and mode of life, in which everyone will find something special.
5. Here you can try all kinds of tourism: cultural-historical, business, eco- and ethnic-tourism, extreme and adventure, photo-tourism, gastronomic, educational, and many others.
If you ticked at least two points from this list – it's time to book tickets and go on an amazing trip to Kazakhstan!
Natural Sights of Kazakhstan
• Borovoye is a resort on the territory of the “Burabay” National Nature Park. A mountain oasis with numerous lakes in the north of Kazakhstan.
• Charyn Canyon – the canyon of the Charyn River, according to many tourists, is no less beautiful than the famous Grand Canyon in Colorado.
• Balkhash, Zaisan, and Alakol are large lakes in Kazakhstan. These are not only places where you can relax, they are also unique nature reserves.
• Altai is the cradle of civilizations. A place of beautiful wildlife, beautiful mountains, and unique historical sites.
• The Caspian Sea is an inland sea in the west of Kazakhstan, the largest lake in the world.
• The Betpak-Dala Desert is a desert and semi-desert area in the south of Kazakhstan. The habitat of the saiga antelope, which is included in the Red Book.
• The Northern Tien Shan and its attractions: the mountain lakes Kolsay and Kayindy, numerous waterfalls, mountain plateaus, and peaks.
• Khan-Tengry Peak is the highest point in Kazakhstan and Central Asia. Its height is 6995 (22.949 ft) meters above sea level.
• The Karagiye Hollow is the lowest point (-132 meters (-433 ft) from sea level) in Kazakhstan and the entire territory of the former Soviet Union.
• Korgalzhyn Reserve is a unique wetland conservation site. The northernmost nesting ground of pink flamingos. It is included in the list of UNESCO World Heritage Sites.
• Dzungarian Alatau is a national park and mountain range in southeastern Kazakhstan with unique natural and historical sites. The place of the greatest natural growth of the wild Sivers apple tree, the progenitor of modern apple trees.
• Aksu-Zhabagly is the oldest reserve in Kazakhstan, where the unique Greig tulip grows. Here is also the habitat of the rare snow leopard.
• The Mangystau Peninsula and Ustyurt Plateau, a plateau with unique shale formations resembling Martian landscapes. A reserve with unique flora and fauna, habitat of the Central Asian leopard, honey badger (ratel), and rare species of antelope.
• The Aral Sea is a drainless, drying, and disappearing sea. Due to improper irrigation policies, it has almost dried up at present. On the shallowed bottom of the Aral Sea, the remains of two settlements and the mausoleum of the XI-XIV centuries were found.
Historical Sights of Kazakhstan
• Otrar is one of the largest and richest cities of antiquity in Central Asia, according to some reports it was founded in the I-II centuries. In the XIII century, it was destroyed by the troops of Genghis Khan but later rebuilt. It was inhabited until the beginning of the 19th century.
• Saraishyk is a settlement of the XIII-XIV centuries. According to legend, it was founded by Batyi and was considered one of the largest cities of the Golden Horde.
• Ancient Cities of Kazakhstan on the Great Silk Road are Taraz and Turkistan. Silk Road. Most of the monuments located in these cities are included in the UNESCO World Heritage List.
• The Mausoleum of Khoja Ahmed Yassawi is a mausoleum of the XIV century built by order of Tamerlane on the tomb of the poet and preacher Khoja Ahmed Yassawi. It is located in the city of Turkistan. The central object on the territory of the “Khazret Sultan” Historical and Cultural Museum-Reserve.
• Botay is an ancient settlement in the north of Kazakhstan, where the earliest traces of horse domestication were found 6,000 years ago.
• Petroglyphs of Tamgaly (Tanbaly) – the site of ancient people of the XIII century BC. Included in the UNESCO World Heritage List.
• Tamgaly Tas is an ancient open-air Buddhist temple dating back to the X century AD. You can see several images of Buddha, texts, and inscriptions. In addition to the Buddhist paintings, there are also ancient Turkic runic writings of the VIII-IX centuries.
• Berel Mounds is the “Golden Mound of the Kings”. It dates back to the VIII-VII centuries B.C. Original jewelry made of gold was found here, which later became the basis for the reconstruction of the third “Golden Man” in Kazakhstan. The sculpture of the “Golden Man” and his restored attire can be viewed at the Nur-Sultan State Museum of Gold and Precious Metals.
• The Issyk Burial Mound is an ancient Sak royal burial site dating back to the V-IV centuries B.C. The first “Golden Man” was discovered in the Issyk burial mound: a Sak warlord or ruler, a warrior in gold armor, as well as many gold ornaments and various articles. You can see it in the Archaeological Museum of Almaty.
• Ulytau village and mountains of the same name in the Karaganda region. This area is known for being a favorite place of the khans of nomadic tribes. Here the eldest son of Genghis Khan, Zhoshy Khan, formed his headquarters; it was also the starting point of Batyi's march to the east, and many historically significant events in the history of Kazakhstan took place here.
Modern Sights of Kazakhstan
• The Baikonur Cosmodrome is the first and largest operational spaceport in the world.
• The High-Mountain Rink Medeo is a unique sports facility in Almaty, a place where international competitions of the highest level are held.
• Shymbulak Ski Resort – one of the most infrastructure-developed year-round mountain resorts in the region, located 30 minutes from the megalopolis of Almaty.
• The Sights of Almaty – the largest city in Kazakhstan, the financial and cultural center of the entire Central Asian region, and just a beautiful city at the foot of the picturesque mountains of the Northern Tien Shan.
• The Sights of Nur-Sultan – the youngest capital of the world, a city of peace and harmony, which appeared in the steppe and attracted by its architectural forms.
Nature Parks and Reserves in Kazakhstan
Kazakhstan cherishes the preservation of unique flora and fauna....